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The Boards of Examiners are delegated the task of making academic judgements about the attainment of students, right to progress and discuss the awards designated to students whilst upholding the academic standards of the University. Decisions made by Boards of Examiners reflect the academic experience of teaching staff within the University and external examiners that have been appointed.

All assessments need to be internally and externally examined. They also go through the process of second marking or double marking dependent of the type of degree and level of study.


Taught Doctorate/Masters

For samples of all Doctorate/Masters level assessments, double marking should take place. On a Masters course, the dissertation or project component should be marked by two members of staff, including the dissertation/project supervisor. For both Doctorate and Masters courses, any borderline work not captured by double marking must be second marked.

Undergraduate Honours and Ordinary Degrees

For Undergraduate honours and ordinary degrees, samples of level 3 work must be double marked, as must all dissertations, projects or equivalent independently supervised work. For level 2 work, a sample must be second marked as must any borderline work at level 3 which is not captured by double marking.

Foundation Degrees

For Foundation degrees, a sample of level 2 (final level) work must be double marked, as must all dissertations, projects or equivalent independently supervised work. Samples of level 1 work must be second marked, as well as any borderline work at level 2 not captured by double marking.


For Higher National Diploma/Certificate’s a sample of level 2 (final level) work must be double marked, as must all dissertations, projects or equivalent independently supervised work. Samples of level one work must be second marked, as well as borderline work at level 2 not captured by double marking.

Short Courses:

For short courses, Level 3 (final level) at undergraduate, all Masters level and all Doctorate level modules must be double marked. Level 2 at undergraduate level must be second marked as well as borderline work at level 3 not captured by double marking.

Reports from the External Examiners about the processes at Lincoln are provided annually. The last set of reports did not raise any questions about the threshold for degree awards at University of Lincoln, and within these 99% of External Examiners confirmed that assessment processes are sound and fairly conducted. Within these reports it was also said that the University’s assessment processes measured fairly and carefully against the intended outcomes of the programmes. In some programmes it was recommended that some internal examiners should use the full mark range more to give the appropriate credit where deserved. The External Examiners reported that academic standards at the University of Lincoln were comparable to others in the country of which they had experience.


There are some occasions when you may wish to challenge the decision of a Board of Examiners and make sure that they took into account all material circumstances when they made their decision.

We would encourage you to first try and resolve any concerns you have informally, for example by speaking with your Academic Tutor, Module Co-ordinator or Programme Leader.

If you cannot resolve the issue informally then you can call on the formal Review and Appeal procedure. NB: attempting to resolve the issue informally will not affect your right to invoke the formal process.


Appeals at a glance

For some good information about whether you have grounds to appeal and to find the forms to make an appeal click here.


Requesting a Review

If you wish to request a Review then you must do so within 10 working days of you formally receiving the Board of Examiners decision.

You can do this by filling in the form entitled “Review Proforma 2011 2012” (for assistance filling it in read the “Review Proforma guidance notes”) and then forwarding it to one of the four Academic Appeals Officers.

Forms are available here.


REMEMBER: You cannot seek a review simply because you disagree with your mark or grade.

Requesting an Appeal

If you are unhappy with the outcome of the review and wish to appeal then you must submit your request within 10 working days of receiving your Review outcome letter. The appeals form is available on written request from an Academic Appeals Officer. You will need to include the grounds for your Appeal, a statement of your case and any supporting documentary evidence.


What are the grounds for a Review/an Appeal?

Reasons for submitting a Review/an Appeal

There are only four specific grounds on which a Review/Appeal can be made:

  • There were extenuating circumstances adversely affecting the student's performance which for valid reason the student did not make known to the Extenuating Circumstances Panel at the appropriate time either in sufficient detail or at all. Note: Normally, the only acceptable valid reasons will be that the student was unable or incapable of bringing the circumstances to the Panel's attention. The student must provide documentary evidence to support their claims.

  • There was a procedural irregularity in any part of the assessment or other relevant process to which the claim relates, including the interpretation and application of the relevant regulations.

  • There was evidence of prejudice or of bias.

  • There was an error in the calculating or recording of the marks upon which the original decision was made.


The following shall not be considered as grounds for Review/Appeal

The retrospective reporting of extenuating circumstances which a student might reasonably have been expected to disclose to the Extenuating Circumstances Panel.

  • Marginal failure to attain a higher degree classification.

  • An appeal against the academic judgement of internal or external examiners.

  • Retrospective complaints against the standard of tutoring, etc.



University Contactstudentsupport@lincoln.ac.uk T:01522 837080


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